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9.6. The inetd Super-Server

Inetd (often called “Internet super-server”) is a server of servers. It executes rarely used servers on demand, so that they do not have to run continuously.
The /etc/inetd.conf file lists these servers and their usual ports. The inetd command listens to all of them; when it detects a connection to any such port, it executes the corresponding server program.
Each significant line of the /etc/inetd.conf file describes a server through seven fields (separated by spaces):
The following example illustrates the most common cases:

مثال 9.1. Excerpt from /etc/inetd.conf

talk   dgram  udp wait    nobody.tty /usr/sbin/in.talkd in.talkd
finger stream tcp nowait  nobody     /usr/sbin/tcpd     in.fingerd
ident  stream tcp nowait  nobody     /usr/sbin/identd   identd -i
The tcpd program is frequently used in the /etc/inetd.conf file. It allows limiting incoming connections by applying access control rules, documented in the hosts_access(5) manual page, and which are configured in the /etc/hosts.allow and /etc/hosts.deny files. Once it has been determined that the connection is authorized, tcpd executes the real server (like in.fingerd in our example). It is worth noting that tcpd relies on the name under which it was invoked (that is the first argument, argv[0]) to identify the real program to run. So you should not start the arguments list with tcpd but with the program that must be wrapped.