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User's Guide (Obsolete Documentation) (Obsolete Documentation)
Chapter 7 - Making the Desktop Your Own


gnome is famous for being highly customizable. You can customize almost every feature globally or individually. For example, you can customize all the panels on the desktop, or just one.

Customization controls are scattered throughout the desktop. However, most of them are available from:

This chapter mentions only the most common customization features. It directs you to where you can customize:

For complete information about the features that you can customize, see the on-line gnome help.

If a feature are unfamiliar to you, whenever possible, many customization settings let you use the Try and Revert buttons. Use the Try button to test the new settings, then the Revert button to reverse the changes.

Some changes may have no effect until you reboot or restart the X server.

img/Desktop_cu.png

If you change window managers, some of your configuration options may change.

This chapter assumes that you are working with a default desktop using the Sawfish window manager.


7.1 Configuring Monitor Color Display

If you are doing graphics work, or need to adjust your monitor's display, select Settings > Imlib Configuration Options from the main menu.

img/Desktop_cu.png

You can edit:

You can save configurations for the current user or, if you are logged in as root, for the entire system.

img/Desktop_cu.png

Changing these settings can worsen your display if you do not know what you are doing. Make changes carefully, and record original settings so that you can restore them.


7.2 Customizing General Settings for GNOME and Sawfish

You can customize settings for the behavior of gnome , the Sawfish window manager, and your themes from the Control Center.

To customize general settings:

img/Desktop_cu.png

img/Desktop_cu.png

When an item is selected, you can open the Help topic for it from the menu bar of the window. Context help appears at the bottom of the window.

img/Desktop_cu.png

                Setting Global Options from the Control Center        
         +---------------------------------------------------------------+
         |          Item to Customize          |Menu Item in the Control |
         |                                     |         Center          |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Autostart programs                   |Session > Startup        |
         |                                     |Programs                 |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Dialog windows                       |User Interface > Dialogs |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Keyboard                             |Peripherals > Keyboard   |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Keyboard shortcuts                   |Sawfish window manager > |
         |                                     |Shortcuts                |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |mime Types                           |Document Handler > mime  |
         |                                     |Types                    |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Mouse                                |Peripherals > Mouse      |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Panel                                |Desktop > Panel          |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Power management use                 |Desktop > Screensaver    |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Screensaver                          |Desktop > Screensaver    |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Sound, enabling support              |Sawfish window manager > |
         |                                     |Sound                    |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Sounds                               |Multimedia > Sound       |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Text editor                          |Document Handler >       |
         |                                     |Default Editor           |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Themes (colors, window frames, and   |Desktop > Themes         |
         |other desktop appearances)           |                         |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Virtual desktops                     |Sawfish window manager > |
         |                                     |Workspaces               |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Wallpaper for desktop                |Desktop > Background     |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Web page display                     |Document Handler > url   |
         |                                     |Handlers                 |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Window managers, installing and      |Desktop > Window Manager |
         |selecting                            |                         |
         |-------------------------------------+-------------------------|
         |Windows, behavior and look           |Sawfish window manager   |
         |                                     |(various sub-menus)      |
         +---------------------------------------------------------------+

7.3 Customizing Program Launchers

A program launcher is a link to a file represented by an icon. Launchers can be added, deleted, or repositioned. You can also restore the default launchers that appear the first time that you start the system.

In most cases, the process for customizing launchers is the same, regardless of whether they are on the panel, a menu, or the desktop work space.


7.3.1 Adding Launchers

Adding a program launcher is the same process if you are adding it to the desktop workspace, the panel, or a menu.

To add an icon for a launcher:

img/Desktop_cu.png

By default, custom icons do not display in a directory on the desktop. To use custom icons, select from the desktop pop-up menu Desktop Properties > Caching > Allow customization of icons in icon view.

img/Desktop_cu.png

You do not need to set anything on the Advanced tab for the launcher to work. Advanced tab settings matter mainly to makers of distributions or to system administrators working with multiple languages.


7.3.2 Deleting Launchers

Deleting an program launcher is the same process, regardless of whether you are adding it to the desktop workspace, the panel, or a menu.

To delete an icon for a launcher:

img/Desktop_cu.png

Deleting a launcher does not delete the file or directory associated with it.

Launchers are links. They point to the files with which they are associated, but otherwise have no direct connection with them.


7.3.3 Recreating Default Launchers

The desktop installs with a number of default icons. To restore these defaults, right-click on the workspace and select Recreate Default Icons.


7.3.4 Positioning Desktop Launchers Automatically

img/Desktop_cu.png


7.4 Customizing General Desktop Behavior

img/Desktop_cu.png


7.5 Customizing the Panel

Panels may contain icons, draws, applets, and other features, such as the task bar. Right-clicking on the panel selects the pop-up menu. This menu includes items for the nearest panel item as well as for the panel.

img/Desktop_cu.png

From the pop-up menu, you can:

img/Desktop_cu.png

The panel options are:

img/Desktop_cu.png


7.5.1 Adding Applets to the Panel

Applets are small gnome programs that can be added to the panel. They range from the serious to the frivolous.

You can also add a launcher to the panel from the main menu. From the menu item's pop-up menu, select Add this launcher to panel, or select it from the Applets sub-menu in the gnome main menu. When the applet is selected, it displays on the panel.


7.6 Customizing the Menu

img/Desktop_cu.png

img/Desktop_cu.png

If you want to add a launcher to a menu, you can also select Add new item to this menu on the pop-up menu. if you are logged in as the root user.


7.7 Customizing Individual Windows


7.8 Starting Files With Programs: Setting MIME Types

You can configure your desktop so that you can start a program by clicking on a file associated with it. This association is known as a mime Type.

Setting up a mime type requires two steps. First, you must add the mime type. Then you must edit it.


7.8.1 Adding MIME Types

img/Desktop_cu.png

Now, you must edit the type to use it.


7.8.2 Editing a MIME Type

img/Desktop_cu.png


7.8.3 Deleting a MIME Type

img/Desktop_cu.png

No confirmation is asked. The type is deleted as soon as you select the Delete button.

img/Desktop_cu.png

Pre-defined mime types cannot be deleted.


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User's Guide (Obsolete Documentation) (Obsolete Documentation)

Version: 1.00p00, 2009.07.21-11:14

Progeny Linux Systems, Inc.