5.2. Hjälpmedel

Some users may need specific support because of e.g. some visual impairment. USB braille displays are detected automatically (not serial displays connected via a serial-to-USB converter), but most other accessibility features have to be enabled manually. Some boot parameters can be appended to enable accessibility features. Note that on most architectures the boot loader interprets your keyboard as a QWERTY keyboard.

5.2.1. Installer front-end

The Debian installer supports several front-ends for asking questions, with varying convenience for accessibility: notably, text uses plain text while newt uses text-based dialog boxes. The choice can be made at the boot prompt, see the documentation for DEBIAN_FRONTEND in Avsnitt 5.3.2, ”Parametrar för Debian Installer”.

5.2.2. Punktskriftsskärmar med USB

Punktskriftsskärmar för USB ska identifieras automatiskt. En textversion av installationsprogrammet kommer sedan att väljas automatiskt och stöd för punktskriftsskärmen kommer att installeras automatiskt på målsystemet. Du kan därför bara trycka på Enter vid uppstartsmenyn. När brltty har startats så kan du välja en punktskriftstabell genom att gå in i inställningsmenyn. Dokumentation för tangentbindingar för punktskriftsskärmar finns tillgänglig på webbsidan för brltty.

5.2.3. Punktskriftsskärmar med seriekabel

Serial braille displays cannot safely be automatically detected (since that may damage some of them). You thus need to append the brltty=driver,port,table boot parameter to tell brltty which driver it should use. driver should be replaced by the two-letter driver code for your terminal (see the BRLTTY manual). port should be replaced by the name of the serial port the display is connected to, ttyS0 is the default, ttyUSB0 can be typically used when using a serial-to-USB converter. table is the name of the braille table to be used (see the BRLTTY manual); the English table is the default. Note that the table can be changed later by entering the preference menu. Documentation on key bindings for braille devices is available on the brltty website.

5.2.4. Brädenheter

Some accessibility devices are actual boards that are plugged inside the machine and that read text directly from the video memory. To get them to work framebuffer support must be disabled by using the fb=false boot parameter. This will however reduce the number of available languages.

5.2.5. Tema med hög kontrast

For users with low vision, the installer can use a high-contrast color theme that makes it more readable. To enable it, append the theme=dark boot parameter.

5.2.6. Preseeding

Alternatively, Debian can be installed completely automatically by using preseeding. This is documented in Appendix B, Automatiserad installation med förinställningar.

5.2.7. Accessibility of the installed system

Documentation on accessibility of the installed system is available on the Debian Accessibility wiki page.