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11.6. Proxy HTTP/FTP

Um proxy HTTP/FTP atua como um intermediário para conexões HTTP e/ou FTP. Seu papel é duplo:
Falcot Corp selecionou o Squid como seu servidor de proxy.

11.6.1. Instalando

The squid[2] Debian package only contains the modular (caching) proxy. Turning it into a filtering server requires installing the additional squidguard package. In addition, squid-cgi provides a querying and administration interface for a Squid proxy.
Antes da instalação, deve-se tomar o cuidado de checar que o sistema pode identificar seu próprio nome completo: o hostname -f tem que retornar um nome completo qualificado (incluindo o domínio). Se não, então o arquivo /etc/hosts deve ser editado para conter o nome completo do sistema (por exemplo, arrakis.falcot.com). O nome oficial do computador deve ser validado pelo administrador de rede para que sejam evitados potenciais conflitos de nome.

11.6.2. Configurando um Cache

Enabling the caching server feature is a simple matter of editing the /etc/squid/squid.conf configuration file and allowing machines from the local network to run queries through the proxy. The following example shows the modifications made by the Falcot Corp administrators:

Exemplo 11.22. The /etc/squid/squid.conf file (excerpts)

# INSERT YOUR OWN RULE(S) HERE TO ALLOW ACCESS FROM YOUR CLIENTS
#
include /etc/squid/conf.d/*

# Example rule allowing access from your local networks.
# Adapt localnet in the ACL section to list your (internal) IP networks
# from where browsing should be allowed

acl our_networks src 192.168.1.0/24 192.168.2.0/24
http_access allow our_networks
http_access allow localhost
# And finally deny all other access to this proxy
http_access deny all

11.6.3. Configurando um Filtro

squid itself does not perform the filtering; this action is delegated to squidGuard. The former must then be configured to interact with the latter. This involves adding the following directive to the /etc/squid/squid.conf file:
url_rewrite_program /usr/bin/squidGuard -c /etc/squid/squidGuard.conf
The /usr/lib/cgi-bin/squidGuard.cgi CGI program also needs to be installed, using /usr/share/doc/squidguard/examples/squidGuard.cgi.gz as a starting point. Required modifications to this script are the $proxy and $proxymaster variables (the name of the proxy and the administrator's contact email, respectively). The $image and $redirect variables should point to existing images representing the rejection of a query.
The filter is enabled with the service squid reload command. However, since the squidguard package does no filtering by default, it is the administrator's task to define the policy. This can be done by creating the /etc/squid/squidGuard.conf file (using /etc/squidguard/squidGuard.conf.default as template if required).
O banco de dados em uso tem que ser regenerado com update-squidguard após cada alteração feita no arquivo de configuração squidGuard (ou em uma das listas de domínios ou URLs que ele menciona). A sintaxe do arquivo de configuração é documentada no seguinte site web:


[2] The squid3 package, providing Squid until Debian Jessie, is now a transitional package and will automatically install squid.
[3] PICS has been superseded by the Protocol for Web Description Resources (POWDER system: https://www.w3.org/2009/08/pics_superseded.html.