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8.2. Network scanner tools

Debian does provide some tools used for remote scanning of hosts (but not vulnerability assessment). These tools are, in some cases, used by vulnerability assessment scanners as the first type of "attack" run against remote hosts in an attempt to determine remote services available. Currently Debian provides:
  • nmap
  • xprobe
  • p0f
  • knocker
  • isic
  • hping2
  • icmpush
  • nbtscan (for SMB /NetBIOS audits)
  • fragrouter
  • strobe (in the netdiag package)
  • irpas
While xprobe provide only remote operating system detection (using TCP/IP fingerprinting, nmap and knocker do both operating system detection and port scanning of the remote hosts. On the other hand, hping2 and icmpush can be used for remote ICMP attack techniques.
Designed specifically for SMB networks, nbtscan can be used to scan IP networks and retrieve name information from SMB-enabled servers, including: usernames, network names, MAC addresses...
On the other hand, fragrouter can be used to test network intrusion detection systems and see if the NIDS can be eluded by fragmentation attacks.
FIXME: Check (ITP fragrouter) to see if it's included.
FIXME add information based on which describes how to use Debian and a laptop to scan for wireless (803.1) networks (link not there any more).