주의: 이 번역은 원문보다 오래되었습니다.
데비안 보안 권고
DSA-4564-1 linux -- 보안 업데이트
- 2019년 11월 12일
- 영향 받는 패키지:
- 보안 데이터베이스 참조:
- Mitre의 CVE 사전: CVE-2018-12207, CVE-2019-0154, CVE-2019-0155, CVE-2019-11135.
- 추가 정보:
여러 취약점을 리눅스 커널에서 발견, 권한 상승, 서비스 거부, 또는 정보유출 일으킬 수 있음.
It was discovered that on Intel CPUs supporting hardware virtualisation with Extended Page Tables (EPT), a guest VM may manipulate the memory management hardware to cause a Machine Check Error (MCE) and denial of service (hang or crash).
The guest triggers this error by changing page tables without a TLB flush, so that both 4 KB and 2 MB entries for the same virtual address are loaded into the instruction TLB (iTLB). This update implements a mitigation in KVM that prevents guest VMs from loading 2 MB entries into the iTLB. This will reduce performance of guest VMs.
Further information on the mitigation can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/admin-guide/hw-vuln/multihit.html or in the linux-doc-4.9 or linux-doc-4.19 package.
A qemu update adding support for the PSCHANGE_MC_NO feature, which allows to disable iTLB Multihit mitigations in nested hypervisors will be provided via DSA 4566-1.
Intel's explanation of the issue can be found at https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/deep-dive-machine-check-error-avoidance-page-size-change-0.
Intel discovered that on their 8th and 9th generation GPUs, reading certain registers while the GPU is in a low-power state can cause a system hang. A local user permitted to use the GPU can use this for denial of service.
This update mitigates the issue through changes to the i915 driver.
The affected chips (gen8 and gen9) are listed at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_graphics_processing_units#Gen8.
Intel discovered that their 9th generation and newer GPUs are missing a security check in the Blitter Command Streamer (BCS). A local user permitted to use the GPU could use this to access any memory that the GPU has access to, which could result in a denial of service (memory corruption or crash), a leak of sensitive information, or privilege escalation.
This update mitigates the issue by adding the security check to the i915 driver.
The affected chips (gen9 onward) are listed at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_graphics_processing_units#Gen9.
It was discovered that on Intel CPUs supporting transactional memory (TSX), a transaction that is going to be aborted may continue to execute speculatively, reading sensitive data from internal buffers and leaking it through dependent operations. Intel calls this
TSX Asynchronous Abort(TAA).
For CPUs affected by the previously published Microarchitectural Data Sampling (MDS) issues (CVE-2018-12126, CVE-2018-12127, CVE-2018-12130, CVE-2019-11091), the existing mitigation also mitigates this issue.
For processors that are vulnerable to TAA but not MDS, this update disables TSX by default. This mitigation requires updated CPU microcode. An updated intel-microcode package (only available in Debian non-free) will be provided via DSA 4565-1. The updated CPU microcode may also be available as part of a system firmware ("BIOS") update.
Further information on the mitigation can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/admin-guide/hw-vuln/tsx_async_abort.html or in the linux-doc-4.9 or linux-doc-4.19 package.
Intel's explanation of the issue can be found at https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/deep-dive-intel-transactional-synchronization-extensions-intel-tsx-asynchronous-abort.
For the oldstable distribution (stretch), these problems have been fixed in version 4.9.189-3+deb9u2.
For the stable distribution (buster), these problems have been fixed in version 4.19.67-2+deb10u2.
linux 패키지를 업그레이드 하는 게 좋음.
For the detailed security status of linux please refer to its security tracker page at: https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/linux