포트

소개

여러분 대부분이 아는 바와 같이, 리눅스는 그냥 커널입니다. 오래도록, 리눅스 커널은 386에서부터 오직 인텔 x86계열 기계에서만 돌아갔습니다.

그러나, 어떤 의미로든 이제 더 이상은 아닙니다. 리눅스 커널은 이제는 커다란, 그리고 자라나는, 아키텍처의 목록에 심어졌습니다. 끝으로, 우리는 데비안 배포본을 이들 아키텍처에 심었습니다. 일반적으로, 이것은 끈끈한 시작(libc와 동적 링커가 부드럽게 진행)을 가진 절차이며, 그 다음에는 새 아키텍처 아래에서 모든 패키지를 재컴파일 하려는 비교적 긴 루틴입니다.

데비안은 운영 체제(OS)이며, 커널이 아닙니다 (그것은 OS 이상인데 왜냐면 그것이 수천 응용프로그램을 포함하고 있기 때문). 즉, 데부분의 데비안 포트가 리눅스 기반이지만, FreeBSD, NetBSD 그리고 Hurd kernel에 기반한 포트도 있습니다.

이 페이지는 진행중입니다. 모든 포트가 페이지를 가진 건 아니며, 대부분은 외부 사이트에 있습니다. 우리는 모든 포트의 정보를 모으고, 데비안 웹 사이트를 통해 미러 하려고 하고 있습니다. 더 많은 포트가 위키에 나열될 수 있습니다.

공식 포트 목록


포트 아키텍처 설명 상태
amd64 64-bit PC (amd64) First officially released with Debian 4.0. Port to 64-bit x86 processors. The goal is to support both 32-bit and 64-bit userland on this architecture. This port supports AMD's 64-bit Opteron, Athlon and Sempron processors, and Intel's processors with Intel 64 support, including the Pentium D and various Xeon and Core series. released
arm64 64-bit ARM (AArch64) Version 8 of the ARM architecture included AArch64, a new 64-bit instruction set. Since Debian 8.0, the arm64 port has been included in Debian to support this new instruction set on processors such as the Applied Micro X-Gene, AMD Seattle and Cavium ThunderX. released
armel EABI ARM The oldest of the current Debian ARM ports supports little-endian ARM CPUs compatible with the v4t instruction set. released
armhf Hard Float ABI ARM A lot of modern 32-bit ARM boards and devices ship with a floating-point unit (FPU), but the Debian armel port doesn't take much advantage of it. The armhf port was started to improve this situation and also take advantage of other features of newer ARM CPUs. The Debian armhf port requires at least an ARMv7 CPU with Thumb-2 and VFP3-D16 floating point support. released
i386 32-bit PC (i386) The first architecture, and not strictly a port. Linux was originally developed for the Intel 386 processors, hence the short name. Debian supports all IA-32 processors, made by Intel (including all Pentium series and recent Core Duo machines in 32-bit mode), AMD (K6, all Athlon series, Athlon64 series in 32-bit mode), Cyrix and other manufacturers. released
mips MIPS (big-endian mode) First officially released with Debian 3.0. Debian is being ported to the MIPS architecture which is used in SGI machines (debian-mips — big-endian) and Digital DECstations (debian-mipsel — little-endian). released
mipsel MIPS (little-endian mode) First officially released with Debian 3.0. Debian is being ported to the MIPS architecture which is used in SGI machines (debian-mips — big-endian) and Digital DECstations (debian-mipsel — little-endian). released
mips64el MIPS (64-bit little-endian mode) This port is little-endian, uses the N64 ABI, the MIPS64r1 ISA and hardware floating-point. Part of the official release since Debian 9. released
ppc64el POWER7+, POWER8 First officially released with Debian 8.0. Little-endian port of ppc64, using the new Open Power ELFv2 ABI. released
s390x System z First officially released with Debian 7.0. A 64-bit userland for IBM System z mainframes. released

다른 포트 목록


포트 아키텍처 설명 상태
alpha Alpha First officially released with Debian 2.1. It failed the criteria for inclusion into the release of Debian 6.0 squeeze, and was in consequence removed from the archive. discontinued
arm OABI ARM This port runs on a variety of embedded hardware, like routers or NAS devices. The arm port was first released with Debian 2.2, and was supported up to and including Debian 5.0, where it was replaced with armel. replaced by armel
AVR32 Atmel 32-bit RISC Port to Atmel's 32-bit RISC architecture, AVR32. discontinued
hppa HP PA-RISC First officially released with Debian 3.0 woody, this is a port to Hewlett-Packard's PA-RISC architecture. It failed the criteria for inclusion into the release of Debian 6.0 squeeze, and was in consequence removed from the archive. discontinued
hurd-i386 32-bit PC (i386) The GNU Hurd is a new operating system being put together by the GNU group. Debian GNU/Hurd is going to be one (possibly the first) GNU OS. The current project is founded on the i386 architecture. in progress
ia64 Intel Itanium IA-64 First officially released with Debian 3.0. This is a port to Intel's first 64-bit architecture. Note: this should not be confused with the latest Intel 64-bit extensions for Pentium 4 and Celeron processors, called Intel 64; for these, see the AMD64 port. With Debian 8 ia64 was removed from the release due to insufficient developer support. discontinued
kfreebsd-amd64 64-bit PC (amd64) First officially released with Debian 6.0 as a technology preview and the first non-Linux port released by Debian. Port of the Debian GNU system to the kernel of FreeBSD. Is no longer part of the official release since Debian 8. in progress
kfreebsd-i386 32-bit PC (i386) First officially released with Debian 6.0 as a technology preview and the first non-Linux port released by Debian. Port of the Debian GNU system to the kernel of FreeBSD. Is no longer part of the official release since Debian 8. in progress
m32 M32R Port to the 32-bit RISC microprocessor of Renesas Technology. dead
m68k Motorola 68k First officially released with Debian 2.0. The port failed to make the release criteria for Debian 4.0 and has therefore not been included in Etch and later releases and has been moved to debian-ports following that. The Debian m68k port runs on a wide variety of computers based on the Motorola 68k series of processors — in particular, the Sun3 range of workstations, the Apple Macintosh personal computers, and the Atari and Amiga personal computers. in progress
netbsd-i386 32-bit PC (i386) A port of the Debian operating system, complete with apt, dpkg, and GNU userland, to the NetBSD kernel. The port, never released, has been abandoned. dead
netbsd-alpha Alpha A port of the Debian operating system, complete with apt, dpkg, and GNU userland, to the NetBSD kernel. The port, never released, has been abandoned. dead
or1k OpenRISC 1200 A port to the OpenRISC 1200 open source CPU. dead
powerpc Motorola/IBM PowerPC First officially released with Debian 2.2. This port runs on many of the Apple Macintosh PowerMac models, and on the CHRP and PReP open architecture machines. No longer part of the official release since Debian 9. discontinued
powerpcspe PowerPC Signal Processing Engine A port to the "Signal Processing Engine" hardware present on low-power 32-bit FreeScale and IBM "e500" CPUs. in progress
s390 S/390 and zSeries First officially released with Debian 3.0. This is a port to IBM S/390 servers. Was replaced by s390x with Debian 8. replaced by s390x
sparc Sun SPARC First officially released with Debian 2.1. This port runs on the Sun UltraSPARC series of workstations, as well as some of their successors in the sun4 architectures. Since the release of Debian 8 Sparc was no longer a release architecture, due to insufficient developer support. However, it is to be replaced by Sparc64 soon. to be replaced by sparc64
sparc64 64-bit SPARC A 64-bit port to SPARC processors. in progress
sh4 SuperH A port to Hitachi SuperH processors. Also supports the open source J-Core processor. in progress
x32 64-bit PC with 32-bit pointers X32 is an ABI for amd64/x86_64 CPUs using 32-bit pointers. The idea is to combine the larger register set of x86_64 with the smaller memory and cache footprint resulting from 32-bit pointers. in progress

포트 비슷한 프로젝트

이 결과는 정확한 포트는 아니지만, 여기 놓는 것이 좋아 보입니다.

데비안 Beowulf

Beowulf는 과학과 수학 영역에서 쓰는 일부 대형 메가 컴퓨터의 대체입니다. 이 프로젝트는 데비안 기계에 Beowulf 클러스터를 돌리고 실제 bazaar 패션과 관련된 사람들을 네트워크로 연결하려고 합니다.

위의 컴퓨터와 프로세서 이름 상당수는 제작자의 상표와 등록상표입니다. 그것들은 허가 없이 사용됩니다.